Taj Mahal Garden
The garden in Islamic Style of architecture is not just another feature it
has a well-defined meaning and it symbolizes the spirituality. According to
the holy Koran, a garden is symbolic of paradise. On leaving the entrance
gateway, you can view a sprawling garden in front of you going all the way
up to the plinth of the Taj. The Taj Garden covers most part of the Taj
Complex. Out of a total area of 580 m by 300 m, the Taj Garden alone covers
300 m by 300 m.
the garden is now maintained regularly, there is still a patch on the
original royal garden. The char bagh, separated by the watercourses
originating from the central, raised pool, were divided into 16 flower beds,
making a total of 64. There were 400 plants in each bed. All the trees,
either cypress (signifying death) and fruit trees (signifying life) were
planted to maintain symmetry.
Taj Mahal Garden The garden in Islamic Style of architecture is not just
another feature it has a well-defined meaning and it symbolizes the
spirituality. According to the holy Koran, a garden is symbolic of paradise.
A green carpet of garden, a Persian garden, runs from the main gateway to
the foot of the Taj Mahal. Such gardens were introduced to India by Babur,
the first Mughal emperor, who also brought with him the Persian infatuation
with flowers and fruit, birds and leaves, symmetry and delicacy. Unlike
other Oriental gardens - especially those of the Japanese, who learned to
accentuate existing resources rather than formalise them - the Persian
garden was artificially contrived, unbashedly man-made, based on geometric
arrangements of nature without any attempt at a "natural" look.
The Water Devices
architect e conduits, designed a clever system to procure water for the Taj
through underground pipes. Water was drawn from the river by a series of
purs (manual system of drawing water from a water body using a rope and
bucket pulled by bullocks) and was brought through a broad water channel
into an oblong storage tank of great dimensions. It was again raised by a
series of thirteen purs worked by bullocks.
Except for the ramps, the other features of the whole water system have
survived. An over-head water-channel supported on massive arches carried
water into another storage tank of still greater dimensions. Water was
finally raised by means of fourteen purs and passed into a channel which
filled three supply tanks, the last of which had pipe mouths in its eastern
wall. The pipes descended below and after travelling underground crossed
into the Taj enclosure. One pipe line runs directly towards the mosque to
supply the fountains in the tanks on the red sandstone plinth below the
marble structure. Copper pipes were used for separate series of fountains in
the north-south canal, lotus pond and the canal around it.
An ingenious method was devised to ensure uniform and undiminished water
pressure in the fountains, irrespective of the distance and the outflow of
water. A copper pot was provided under each fountain pipe - which was thus
connected to with the water supply only through the pot. Water first fills
the pot and then only rises simultaneously in the fountains. The fountains
are thus controlled by pressure in the pots and not pressure in the main
pipe. As the pressure in the pots is uniformly distributed all the time, it
ensures equal supply of water at the same rate in all the fountains.
The main supply of the water was however obtained through earthenware
pipes. One such main was discovered under the bed of the western canal. The
pipe is 9" in diameter and has been embedded in masonry at a depth of 5
feet below the level of the paved walk. Evidently, the Mughal water expert
was a master of his art and successfully worked out the levels in relation
to the volume of water to ensure its unobstructed supply for centuries. He
anticipated no repair work and therefore made no provision for it; hence the
extraordinary depth at which the pipe was sunk.